Chuna is a manual therapy among several branchs of Oriental medicine. Chinese medical classic Hwangjenaevyeong calls it doin and angyo. Among them, angyo was changed to anma, which was again changed to chuna. In Donguibogam, chuna is described by the name of angyo, doin, anma, etc.
In Korea, chuna therapy has declined without notable prosperity. It was probably because the social atmosphere in the Joseon Dynasty did not tolerate the exposure of the body and the sitting of men and women together. Furthermore, due to the tendency of respecting scholars, manual labor was despised, and thus hindered the development of the method in which hand skills are applied. For these reasons, throughout the Japanese imperialism, chuna therapy became merely a folk remedy rather than a medical practice.
Today, however, chuna is again gaining in popularity. The Chuna Society was launched officially as a division of the Association of Korea Oriental Medicine, and chuna was legalized as a separate manual therapy of Oriental medical practitioners.
According to the definition by the Chuna Society, chuna is an oriental medical practitioner's manual therapy applied to patients, which is categorized as an external therapy of Oriental medicine. Chuna attains positive effects of treatment by manipulating specific parts of the patient's body (acupoints on the skin, tender points on fascia, spine, joints, etc.) and controlling the physiological and pathological situation of the human body using the practitioner’s body parts including the hands and assisting tools.
Chuna therapy does not have toxicity or side effects as in medicine, and immediately makes the patient feel comfortable during the process of treatment. What is more, chuna treatment shows excellent effects in treating many diseases. Thus chuna therapy is believed to have a bright future.